This meta-analysis, published in Educational Research Review, explores whether shared reading interventions are equally effective across a range of study designs, across a range of different outcome variables, and for children from different socioeconomic status (SES) groups.
Studies were included in the meta-analysis if they met the
- Must contain a universal and/or targeted shared
book reading intervention.
- Must include at least one control group.
- Participants must be typically developing
children ages seven years or younger.
- Must not target multilingual populations and/or
the acquisition of an additional language.
- Must isolate the variable of interest (shared
- Must report on objective quantitative measure of
- Must provide sufficient data to calculate the
The results suggest that shared reading had an overall effect size of +0.19 on children’s language development. They also show that this effect was moderated by the type of control group used and was near zero in studies with active control groups (ES = +0.03). The meta-analysis also shows no differences across outcome variables or for SES.
impact of shared book reading on children’s language skills: A meta-analysis (September
2019), Educational Research Review, Volume
Previous studies have revealed gender differences in attitudes towards information technology (IT) literacy, with boys generally considering their IT literacy to be higher than that of girls. A new meta-analysis, published in Educational Research Review, tests whether the same gender differences can be seen in pupils’ actual performance on IT literacy tasks as measured by performance-based assessments.
In total, 46 effect sizes were extracted from 23 studies
using a random-effects model. The main findings suggest that:
- Girls perform better than boys on performance-based
IT literacy assessments (ES= +0.13).
- Gender differences in favour of girls are larger
in primary schools (ES= +0.20) than in secondary schools (ES= +0.11).
- The overall effect size is robust across several
- Overall, the gender differences in IT literacy
are significant but small.
As these findings seem to contrast those obtained from
previous meta-analyses that were based on self-reported IT literacy, researchers
Fazilat Siddiq and Ronny Scherer conclude that the IT gender gap may not be as
severe as it had been claimed to be.
Source: Is there a gender gap? A meta-analysis of the gender differences in students’ ICT literacy (June 2019), Educational Research Review, Volume 27
A systematic review of the role of the teacher during collaborative learning in primary and secondary education suggests that several types of teacher guidance can be positive. However, the challenge for the teacher is to support interaction between pupils without taking control of the moments in which opportunities to learn arise for pupils.
The review, carried out by Anouschka van Leeuwen and Jeroen
Janssen, included both qualitative and quantitative studies (n=66) conducted in
primary and secondary schools, and looked at the relationship between the
teacher’s role and the processes and outcomes of collaboration among pupils.
The authors found that feedback, prompting, questioning and
transferring control of the learning process to pupils were all effective
strategies for collaborative learning. The review concludes that when guiding
collaborative learning, teachers should try to not only focus on the content of
the task, but also on how pupils approach the task and the strategies they use
for collaboration, and should let pupils know that help is available without
imposing this help.
systematic review of teacher guidance during collaborative learning in primary
and secondary education (February 2019), Educational
Research Review, volume 27
An article published in Educational Research Review examines the effects of self-assessment on self-regulated learning (SRL) and self-efficacy in four meta-analyses.
To understand the
impact of pupils’ assessment of their own work, Ernesto Panadero and colleagues
from Spain analysed 19 studies comprised of 2,305 pupils from primary schools
to higher education. The meta-analyses only included studies published in
English that contained empirical results of self-assessment interventions in
relation to SRL and/or self-efficacy, had at least one control group, and had
- Self-assessment had a positive effect on SRL strategies serving a positive self-regulatory function for pupils’ learning, such as meta-cognitive strategies (effect size= +0.23).
- Self-assessment had a negative effect on “Negative SRL”, which is associated with negative emotions and stress and is thought to be adverse to pupils’ learning (effect size=-0.65).
- Self-assessment was also positively associated with SRL even when SRL was measured qualitatively (effect size = +0.43).
- Self-assessment had a positive effect on self-efficacy (effect size= +0.73), the effect being larger for girls.
The authors suggest
that self-assessment is necessary for productive learning but note that the results
have yet to identify the most effective self-assessment components (eg,
monitoring, feedback, and revision) in fostering SRL strategies or
Source: Effects of
self-assessment on self-regulated learning and self-efficacy: Four
meta-analyses (November 2017), Educational
Research Review, Volume 22.
A recent meta-analysis showed that paper-based reading yields better outcomes in reading comprehension than digital reading. In an article appearing in Educational Research Review, Pablo Delgato and colleagues from Spain and Israel analysed 54 studies from 2000–2017 comparing the reading comprehension outcomes of comparable paper and digital texts. They examined if one medium has an advantage over the other for reading outcomes, and what factors contribute to any differences found.
Results showed that paper text has an advantage over digital text (effect size=+0.21). Influencing factors favouring paper text include reading under time limitations, text type (informational or informational plus narrative), and publication year—later publications showed increased advantages for paper reading than earlier publications.
While the authors do not advocate getting rid of digital texts given their convenience, cost advantages and pervasiveness, they reflect that these study findings should be considered when pupils are required to perform digitally-related tasks under time constraints.
Source: Don’t throw away your printed books: A meta-analysis on the effects of reading media on reading comprehension (November 29018), Educational Research Review, Volume 25
A paper by Lisa Boonk and colleagues, published in Educational Research Review, reviews the research literature on the relationship between parental involvement and students’ academic achievement.
To be eligible for the paper, studies had to (a) investigate parental involvement and its relation with academic achievement of learners aged 0 to 18; (b) provide clear descriptions of the parental involvement construct and measurements and type of academic outcome; and (c) be published in the period 2003 to 2017 in a peer-reviewed journal. A total of 75 studies were included.
After reviewing the literature, the authors found that parental involvement variables that show promise according to their correlations with academic achievement are:
- reading at home
- parents who hold high expectations/aspirations for their children’s academic achievement and schooling
- communication between parents and children regarding school
- parental encouragement and support for learning.
Source: A review of the relationship between parental involvement indicators and academic achievement (June 2018) Educational Research Review.