The Education Endowment Foundation has published a review of the current evidence on approaches to behaviour in schools.
The review, which was carried out by researchers at the University
of Exeter, synthesises the best available international evidence on approaches
to behaviour in schools. The goal is to:
explain why pupils may misbehave
review what types of classroom management
approaches are most effective
review what types of school-wide management
approaches are most effective.
The report, which offers schools some recommendations for
improving behaviour, suggests that universal systems are unlikely to work for
all pupils, and for those pupils who need more intensive support with their behaviour,
a personalised approach is likely to be better.
behaviour in schools: evidence review (December 2019), Education Endowment Foundation
The Education Endowment Foundation has published an evaluation of an inquiry-based learning intervention – CREST Silver Award.
Delivered by the British Science Association, the CREST
programme aims to help pupils engage with science, technology, engineering and
maths (STEM) subjects by allowing them to develop their own project ideas.
Eighty secondary schools in London and the south east took part in the trial,
involving 2,810 Year 9 pupils (ages 13–14). While CREST can normally be
delivered by any STEM department in the school, for the trial, CREST was
delivered by the science department in each school. Schools had the flexibility
to decide how they would deliver CREST (for example, as a whole class activity
or as a STEM club) and when they would run the programme (during school, after
school, lunch break, or during class time). Pupils were expected to complete 30
hours of project work in total.
The independent evaluation by NatCen found that pupils who took
part in the programme made no additional progress in science achievement (as
measured by the Progress Test in Science) compared to similar pupils who were
not offered the programme (effect size = -0.01). Nor was there any evidence
that the CREST Silver Award improved self-efficacy in science or increased the
percentage of pupils aspiring to a STEM career; however, small positive impacts
were found for pupil confidence and attitudes toward school.
Silver: Evaluation report (December 2019), Education
The Education Endowment Foundation has published an evaluation of Digital Feedback in Primary Maths, a programme that aims to improve primary school teachers’ feedback to pupils.
The intervention uses a tablet application called Explain Everything, diagnostic assessments, and training on effective feedback. The app allows teachers to provide pupils with digitally recorded feedback on a tablet, rather than written feedback. Pupils have the opportunity to review their feedback and develop their work further. By improving teachers’ diagnostic and feedback skills when teaching maths in primary schools, the intervention aims to ultimately improve pupils’ outcomes in maths.
To estimate the impact of Digital Feedback on maths achievement,
the evaluation used a randomised controlled trial involving 2,564 pupils in 108
classes across 34 English primary schools. While the intervention took place in
each school, classrooms were randomly assigned to the treatment or control
group, which carried on with business-as-usual teaching.
The results of the evaluation found no evidence that pupils taking part in the programme made more progress in maths, on average (effect size = -0.04), than the control group.
feedback in primary maths (September 2019), Education
An independent evaluation of Stop and Think: Learning Counterintuitive Concepts has found evidence of a positive impact in maths and science outcomes for pupils in Key Stage 2.
The Learning Counterintuitive Concepts project, funded by
the Education Endowment Foundation and Wellcome, aimed to improve science and maths
achievement for Year 3 (7–8 year olds) and Year 5 (9–10 year olds) using an
intervention called Stop and Think. When learning new concepts in science and
maths, pupils must be able to inhibit prior contradictory knowledge and
misconceptions to acquire new knowledge successfully. Stop and Think is a
computer-assisted learning activity that aims to improve a learner’s ability to
adapt to counterintuitive concepts by training them to inhibit their initial
response, and instead, give a slower and more reflective answer.
The randomised controlled trial involved 6,672 children from
89 schools across England. The intervention was delivered to the whole class
and consisted of 30 sessions delivered for a maximum of 15 minutes, three times
a week, for 10 weeks at the start of maths or science lessons.
The results suggest that pupils who participated in Stop and
Think made more progress in science and maths on average, compared to children
in the business-as-usual control group. The combined effect size across
the two year groups for maths was +0.09 and +0.12 for science.
To check whether this impact was due to the Stop and Think
game specifically, or was a result of the extra pupil engagement and motivation
arising from having a fun computer-based activity at the start of lessons more
generally, schools were offered an alternative computer-based programme that
did not include any content from Stop and Think. Intervention-group pupils
also made more progress than pupils in this “active” control group. The
combined effect sizes for maths and science were +0.13 and +0.15 respectively.
Source: Stop and
Think: Learning counterintuitive concepts. Evaluation report (September 2019), Education Endowment Foundation
A review of evidence published by the Education Endowment Foundation shows how parental engagement can have a positive effect on a child’s academic achievement – regardless of age or socioeconomic status.
The review, conducted by the Universities of Plymouth and
Exeter and supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR)
Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care South West
Peninsula, concludes that parental engagement in children’s learning is
associated with improved academic outcomes, and that the association is
stronger when parental engagement is defined as parents’ expectations for their
children’s academic achievement. All studies controlled for parents’ education
and/or family socioeconomic status.
The review highlights areas of promise for how schools and
early education settings can support parents in a way that improves their
children’s learning. Examples include family literacy interventions to help
boost younger children’s learning, and summer reading programmes that improve school-aged
children’s learning, particularly among families from more disadvantaged
An overarching recommendation is the importance of schools
planning and monitoring parental engagement activities to get the most out of
them. Other recommendations look at the best ways to communicate with parents,
and strategies for supporting learning at home.
The report also includes guidance on tailoring school
communications to encourage parental engagement and offering more intensive
support where needed.
Source: How can
schools support parents’ engagement in their children’s learning? Evidence from
research and practice (September 2019), Education
The Education Endowment Foundation (EEF) has published the independent evaluation report of a trial of a maths-based learning app.
The “onebillion” programme consists of two maths learning apps, Maths 3–5 and Maths 4–6, that are designed to reinforce basic mathematical skills learned in the classroom. The apps are aimed at pupils aged 3–5 and 4–6 respectively and consist of mathematical activities organised around different topics such as counting, shape and measures. The trial, conducted by researchers at the University of Oxford, tested the impact of the apps on pupils in Year 2 who had been identified by their teachers as being in the bottom half of their class in maths at the start of the school year.
One hundred and thirteen schools from across England took
part in the randomised controlled trial. Schools in the intervention group used
the apps for half an hour, four days per week, for 12 weeks, in addition to
regular maths lessons. All children started with the Maths 3–5 app and
progressed to the Maths 4–6 app, once they had completed Maths 3–5. The
children’s use of the apps was monitored by teaching assistants who were
trained by a team from the University of Nottingham. Pupil achievement in maths
was measured using the Progress Test in Maths 6.
Pupils who received the programme made significant additional progress in maths (effect size = +0.24) compared to the control group. However, the trial also suggested that there may have been a negative impact (effect size = -0.10) on pupils eligible for free school meals (FSM) compared to those in the control group, though this finding was non-significant. The report advises that teachers or school leaders using onebillion should carefully monitor the impact on FSM pupils if implementing the approach.
Onebillion: Evaluation report (July 2019), Education