Teaching in Europe

Eurydice has published a new report about the teaching profession in lower secondary schools (approximately ages 12-15) in Europe. It uses the findings of the the 2013 OECD Teaching and Learning International Survey (TALIS) and Eurydice and Eurostat data on the 28 EU Member States, and seven other European countries. In all, 40 different education systems (including England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland), and around two million teachers were included.
The extensive report examines five areas considered important for policy: (1) demographics and working conditions; (2) initial teacher education and the transition to the teaching profession; (3) continuing professional development; (4) transnational mobility; and (5) attractiveness of the profession.
Findings include:
  • A degree is the minimum entry level for teacher training programmes in 15 countries, and 17 countries require a Master’s;
  • The minimum length of initial teacher training is usually between four and six years;
  • Within the EU, 91.2% of teachers have completed an initial teacher training programme;
  • Teaching time is contractually specified in 35 education systems. The majority of countries also centrally regulate the total working time of teachers, which averages 39 hours a week;
  • On average, teaching time constitutes 44% of a teacher’s total working time. England, Estonia, Sweden, Wales, and Northern Ireland are the only education systems that do not contractually specify the number of teaching hours;
  • In 29 education systems CPD is a “professional duty”, although around a third of these (including England, Wales, and Northern Ireland) do not specify how much time should be spent);
  • Incentives to participate in CPD exist in almost two-thirds of the education systems surveyed; and
  • In general, teachers are satisfied or very satisfied with their profession but consider that society does not value it.
Source: The Teaching Profession in Europe: Practices, Perceptions, and Policies (2015), Eurydice.

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