Which science programmes have been proven to help primary school pupils to succeed? To find out, the University of York’s Institute for Effective Education, Johns Hopkins University and Durham University completed a research review on the topic. The review summarises evidence on three types of programmes designed to improve the science achievement of primary school pupils: inquiry-orientated programmes without science kits, inquiry-orientated programmes with science kits, and technology programmes.
The review supported the use of inquiry-orientated programmes without science kits, such as science-reading integration approaches, but not those with kits. Limited research on technology approaches such as BrainPop also showed positive impacts. The evidence supports a view that improving outcomes in primary science depends on improving teachers’ skills in presenting lessons, engaging and motivating pupils, and integrating science and reading.
Source: Effective programmes for primary science: A best-evidence synthesis (2012), Best Evidence Encyclopedia