Evidence of disciplinary bias against sexual minority females

LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, questioning) pupils are coming out at earlier ages and becoming more visible in schools, creating a need for research on their educational experiences and outcomes. Exclusionary bias studies, which look at the proportions of pupils suspended or expelled, have historically focused on the bias against pupils of colour, yet sexual … Continue reading “Evidence of disciplinary bias against sexual minority females”

How significant is publication bias in educational research?

Research syntheses combine the results of all qualifying studies on a specific topic into one overall finding or effect size. When larger studies with more significant effect sizes are published more often than smaller studies with less significant or even null findings, but are of equal study quality, this is referred to as publication bias. … Continue reading “How significant is publication bias in educational research?”

Bias and teacher perceptions

Research has shown that teacher expectations frequently influence student outcomes. American University, The Institute for the Study of Labor in Germany, and Johns Hopkins University recently collaborated on a study to determine if teachers’ perceptions of their students’ future educational attainment could be correlated with their ethnicity or gender. In other words, would teachers predict … Continue reading “Bias and teacher perceptions”

Do teachers show bias when gauging pupil ability?

New research from the University of Groningen in The Netherlands has analysed teachers’ opinions of the academic abilities of their pupils at the end of primary school to see whether these were accurate, inaccurate, or showed bias. The research was based on a sample of 7,550 pupils in 500 classes in their final year of … Continue reading “Do teachers show bias when gauging pupil ability?”

A-level gender bias worse in the state sector

A new report from the UK’s Institute of Physics looks at patterns of gender bias in six A-level subjects, all of which are taken by large numbers of pupils and all of which have a significant gender imbalance. The subjects considered are English, biology, and psychology (which are more popular with girls) and maths, physics, and … Continue reading “A-level gender bias worse in the state sector”

How to make a systematic review’s meta-analysis high quality

Terri Piggott at Loyola University Chicago and Joshua Polanin at American Institutes for Research have published a Methodological guidance paper: High-quality meta-analysis in a systematic review, now appearing on Review of Educational Research’s Online First website. A meta-analysis synthesises the quantitative findings of many studies on a given topic. The guidance paper outlines the characteristics … Continue reading “How to make a systematic review’s meta-analysis high quality”